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資料庫學習之一: 在 Oracle sql developer上運作SQL必知必會腳本

tags:    時間:2014-05-04 12:36:39
資料庫學習之一: 在 Oracle sql developer上運行SQL必知必會腳本

1 首先在開始菜單中打開sql developer;

2. 創建資料庫連接

點擊左上角的加號

在彈出的對話框中填寫用戶名和密碼

測試如果成功則點擊連接,記得角色要寫SYSDBA

3. 運行腳本

之後把SQL必知必會的腳本拷到工作表中並點擊運行腳本

首先進行表的創建

輸入代碼:

--------------------------------------------- -- Sams Teach Yourself SQL in 10 Minutes -- http://www.forta.com/books/0672325675/ -- Example table creation scripts for Oracle. ---------------------------------------------   ------------------------- -- Create Customers table ------------------------- CREATE TABLE Customers (   cust_id      char(10)  NOT NULL ,   cust_name    char(50)  NOT NULL ,   cust_address char(50)  NULL ,   cust_city    char(50)  NULL ,   cust_state   char(5)   NULL ,   cust_zip     char(10)  NULL ,   cust_country char(50)  NULL ,   cust_contact char(50)  NULL ,   cust_email   char(255) NULL  );  -------------------------- -- Create OrderItems table -------------------------- CREATE TABLE OrderItems (   order_num  int          NOT NULL ,   order_item int          NOT NULL ,   prod_id    char(10)     NOT NULL ,   quantity   int          NOT NULL ,   item_price decimal(8,2) NOT NULL  );  ---------------------- -- Create Orders table ---------------------- CREATE TABLE Orders (   order_num  int      NOT NULL ,   order_date date     NOT NULL ,   cust_id    char(10) NOT NULL  );  ------------------------ -- Create Products table ------------------------ CREATE TABLE Products (   prod_id    char(10)      NOT NULL ,   vend_id    char(10)      NOT NULL ,   prod_name  char(255)     NOT NULL ,   prod_price decimal(8,2)  NOT NULL ,   prod_desc  varchar(1000) NULL  );  ----------------------- -- Create Vendors table ----------------------- CREATE TABLE Vendors (   vend_id      char(10) NOT NULL ,   vend_name    char(50) NOT NULL ,   vend_address char(50) NULL ,   vend_city    char(50) NULL ,   vend_state   char(5)  NULL ,   vend_zip     char(10) NULL ,   vend_country char(50) NULL  );  ---------------------- -- Define primary keys ---------------------- ALTER TABLE Customers ADD CONSTRAINT PK_Customers PRIMARY KEY (cust_id); ALTER TABLE OrderItems ADD CONSTRAINT PK_OrderItems PRIMARY KEY (order_num, order_item); ALTER TABLE Orders ADD CONSTRAINT PK_Orders PRIMARY KEY (order_num); ALTER TABLE Products ADD CONSTRAINT PK_Products PRIMARY KEY (prod_id); ALTER TABLE Vendors ADD CONSTRAINT PK_Vendors PRIMARY KEY (vend_id);  ---------------------- -- Define foreign keys ---------------------- ALTER TABLE OrderItems ADD CONSTRAINT FK_OrderItems_Orders FOREIGN KEY (order_num) REFERENCES Orders (order_num); ALTER TABLE OrderItems ADD CONSTRAINT FK_OrderItems_Products FOREIGN KEY (prod_id) REFERENCES Products (prod_id); ALTER TABLE Orders ADD CONSTRAINT FK_Orders_Customers FOREIGN KEY (cust_id) REFERENCES Customers (cust_id); ALTER TABLE Products ADD CONSTRAINT FK_Products_Vendors FOREIGN KEY (vend_id) REFERENCES Vendors (vend_id); 


運行腳本后輸出:表建立完成


之後給表添加元素:

加入腳本:

----------------------------------------------- -- Sams Teach Yourself SQL in 10 Minutes -- http://www.forta.com/books/0672325675/ -- Example table population scripts for Oracle. -----------------------------------------------   --------------------------- -- Populate Customers table --------------------------- INSERT INTO Customers(cust_id, cust_name, cust_address, cust_city, cust_state, cust_zip, cust_country, cust_contact, cust_email) VALUES('1000000001', 'Village Toys', '200 Maple Lane', 'Detroit', 'MI', '44444', 'USA', 'John Smith', 'sales@villagetoys.com'); INSERT INTO Customers(cust_id, cust_name, cust_address, cust_city, cust_state, cust_zip, cust_country, cust_contact) VALUES('1000000002', 'Kids Place', '333 South Lake Drive', 'Columbus', 'OH', '43333', 'USA', 'Michelle Green'); INSERT INTO Customers(cust_id, cust_name, cust_address, cust_city, cust_state, cust_zip, cust_country, cust_contact, cust_email) VALUES('1000000003', 'Fun4All', '1 Sunny Place', 'Muncie', 'IN', '42222', 'USA', 'Jim Jones', 'jjones@fun4all.com'); INSERT INTO Customers(cust_id, cust_name, cust_address, cust_city, cust_state, cust_zip, cust_country, cust_contact, cust_email) VALUES('1000000004', 'Fun4All', '829 Riverside Drive', 'Phoenix', 'AZ', '88888', 'USA', 'Denise L. Stephens', 'dstephens@fun4all.com'); INSERT INTO Customers(cust_id, cust_name, cust_address, cust_city, cust_state, cust_zip, cust_country, cust_contact) VALUES('1000000005', 'The Toy Store', '4545 53rd Street', 'Chicago', 'IL', '54545', 'USA', 'Kim Howard');  ------------------------- -- Populate Vendors table ------------------------- INSERT INTO Vendors(vend_id, vend_name, vend_address, vend_city, vend_state, vend_zip, vend_country) VALUES('BRS01','Bears R Us','123 Main Street','Bear Town','MI','44444', 'USA'); INSERT INTO Vendors(vend_id, vend_name, vend_address, vend_city, vend_state, vend_zip, vend_country) VALUES('BRE02','Bear Emporium','500 Park Street','Anytown','OH','44333', 'USA'); INSERT INTO Vendors(vend_id, vend_name, vend_address, vend_city, vend_state, vend_zip, vend_country) VALUES('DLL01','Doll House Inc.','555 High Street','Dollsville','CA','99999', 'USA'); INSERT INTO Vendors(vend_id, vend_name, vend_address, vend_city, vend_state, vend_zip, vend_country) VALUES('FRB01','Furball Inc.','1000 5th Avenue','New York','NY','11111', 'USA'); INSERT INTO Vendors(vend_id, vend_name, vend_address, vend_city, vend_state, vend_zip, vend_country) VALUES('FNG01','Fun and Games','42 Galaxy Road','London', NULL,'N16 6PS', 'England'); INSERT INTO Vendors(vend_id, vend_name, vend_address, vend_city, vend_state, vend_zip, vend_country) VALUES('JTS01','Jouets et ours','1 Rue Amusement','Paris', NULL,'45678', 'France');  -------------------------- -- Populate Products table -------------------------- INSERT INTO Products(prod_id, vend_id, prod_name, prod_price, prod_desc) VALUES('BR01', 'BRS01', '8 inch teddy bear', 5.99, '8 inch teddy bear, comes with cap and jacket'); INSERT INTO Products(prod_id, vend_id, prod_name, prod_price, prod_desc) VALUES('BR02', 'BRS01', '12 inch teddy bear', 8.99, '12 inch teddy bear, comes with cap and jacket'); INSERT INTO Products(prod_id, vend_id, prod_name, prod_price, prod_desc) VALUES('BR03', 'BRS01', '18 inch teddy bear', 11.99, '18 inch teddy bear, comes with cap and jacket'); INSERT INTO Products(prod_id, vend_id, prod_name, prod_price, prod_desc) VALUES('BNBG01', 'DLL01', 'Fish bean bag toy', 3.49, 'Fish bean bag toy, complete with bean bag worms with which to feed it'); INSERT INTO Products(prod_id, vend_id, prod_name, prod_price, prod_desc) VALUES('BNBG02', 'DLL01', 'Bird bean bag toy', 3.49, 'Bird bean bag toy, eggs are not included'); INSERT INTO Products(prod_id, vend_id, prod_name, prod_price, prod_desc) VALUES('BNBG03', 'DLL01', 'Rabbit bean bag toy', 3.49, 'Rabbit bean bag toy, comes with bean bag carrots'); INSERT INTO Products(prod_id, vend_id, prod_name, prod_price, prod_desc) VALUES('RGAN01', 'DLL01', 'Raggedy Ann', 4.99, '18 inch Raggedy Ann doll'); INSERT INTO Products(prod_id, vend_id, prod_name, prod_price, prod_desc) VALUES('RYL01', 'FNG01', 'King doll', 9.49, '12 inch king doll with royal garments and crown'); INSERT INTO Products(prod_id, vend_id, prod_name, prod_price, prod_desc) VALUES('RYL02', 'FNG01', 'Queen doll', 9.49, '12 inch queen doll with royal garments and crown');  ------------------------ -- Populate Orders table ------------------------ INSERT INTO Orders(order_num, order_date, cust_id) VALUES(20005, TO_DATE('2004-05-01', 'yyyy-mm-dd'), '1000000001'); INSERT INTO Orders(order_num, order_date, cust_id) VALUES(20006, TO_DATE('2004-01-12', 'yyyy-mm-dd'), '1000000003'); INSERT INTO Orders(order_num, order_date, cust_id) VALUES(20007, TO_DATE('2004-01-30', 'yyyy-mm-dd'), '1000000004'); INSERT INTO Orders(order_num, order_date, cust_id) VALUES(20008, TO_DATE('2004-02-03', 'yyyy-mm-dd'), '1000000005'); INSERT INTO Orders(order_num, order_date, cust_id) VALUES(20009, TO_DATE('2004-02-08', 'yyyy-mm-dd'), '1000000001');  ---------------------------- -- Populate OrderItems table ---------------------------- INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20005, 1, 'BR01', 100, 5.49); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20005, 2, 'BR03', 100, 10.99); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20006, 1, 'BR01', 20, 5.99); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20006, 2, 'BR02', 10, 8.99); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20006, 3, 'BR03', 10, 11.99); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20007, 1, 'BR03', 50, 11.49); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20007, 2, 'BNBG01', 100, 2.99); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20007, 3, 'BNBG02', 100, 2.99); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20007, 4, 'BNBG03', 100, 2.99); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20007, 5, 'RGAN01', 50, 4.49); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20008, 1, 'RGAN01', 5, 4.99); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20008, 2, 'BR03', 5, 11.99); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20008, 3, 'BNBG01', 10, 3.49); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20008, 4, 'BNBG02', 10, 3.49); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20008, 5, 'BNBG03', 10, 3.49); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20009, 1, 'BNBG01', 250, 2.49); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20009, 2, 'BNBG02', 250, 2.49); INSERT INTO OrderItems(order_num, order_item, prod_id, quantity, item_price) VALUES(20009, 3, 'BNBG03', 250, 2.49); 

運行腳本后:


之後簡單查詢下:

SELECT prod_name  FROM Products;
輸出如下:


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~THE END---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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